The curriculum refers to the lessons and academic content to be taught to a learner in the school. In empirical terms, it may be regarded as the sum total of a planned set of educational experiences provided to a learner by a school. It encompasses general objectives of learning, courses of study, subject-wise instructional objectives and content, pedagogical practices and assessment guidelines. The thrusts include enabling learners to respond to the emerging knowledge-based economy and society in the globalized era. The CBSE curriculum seeks to provide opportunities for students to achieve excellence in learning at par with global standards.
1.1 Salient Features of the CBSE Secondary School Curriculum The Curriculum prescribed by CBSE strives to:
1. uphold Constitutional values such as socialism, secularism, democracy, republican character, justice, liberty, equality, fraternity, human dignity and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
2. keep pace with the 21st century and the global trends in various disciplines;
3. provide ample scope for physical, intellectual and social development of students;
4. integrate innovations in pedagogy, knowledge and application, such as human sciences with technological innovations;
5. nurture Life-Skills by prescribing curricular and co-curricular activities to help improve self-esteem, empathy towards others and different cultures etc.;
6. promote inclusivity by providing equal opportunities to all students;
7. encourage values-based learning activities;
8. enlist general and specific teaching and assessment objectives;
9. integrate environmental education in various disciplines from classes I-XII;equally emphasize Co-scholastic areas of Work Education, Art Education and Health and Physical Education.